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One of the senior military commanders said that early on he had really tried to integrate the military and police, forcing them to mix in the barracks and conduct physical training together, but had been continually challenged and discouraged over the previous six months, so had given up and let them be separate. Military personnel complained that the police did not understand or try to comply with their chain of command, while they admitted that they did not understand how the police chain of command worked. The military explained that they cannot discipline or punish any police who break their rules.

The police asserted that they understood the military chain of command, but that they were a separate entity and had their own sets of rules with which to comply. The police also shared frustrations about the inability to have any authority whatsoever over the soldiers, despite the fact that the Acuerdo states that MOG, and the police in particular, is supposed to be in the leadership role. There was a great deal of pointing ngers from both sides, but ultimately the problems came down to the same source: the absence of a clear definition of the roles and relationships between the military and police at the operational and tactical levels.
Gillian S. Oak, “Building the Guatemalan Interagency Task Force Tecún Umán” (Santa Monica: Rand Corporation, November 30, 2014): 20 <>.